Understanding Series LLCs in Michigan – A Comprehensive Guide

A Series LLC is a relatively new concept in the business world and has been gaining attention as a structure that allows for multiple “series” or “cells” within a single Limited Liability Company (LLC).

While some states like Delaware and Texas have embraced this business structure, it’s important to know whether Michigan recognizes Series LLCs and the associated rules and regulations.

This article delves into the nitty-gritty of Series LLCs in Michigan.

Legal Recognition of Series LLCs in Michigan

As of my last update in August 2023, Michigan does not officially recognize Series LLCs. However, entrepreneurs can establish Series LLCs in states that do recognize them and register them as a foreign LLC in Michigan.

Always consult an attorney and the Michigan Secretary of State for the most current information.

What Are Series LLCs?

A Series LLC is a single LLC that is structured to allow for the creation of multiple sub-units, or series, each having its assets, liabilities, and management structure. Essentially, one Series LLC can operate multiple lines of business, each segregated from the others in terms of legal liability.

Why Consider a Series LLC?

Series LLCs offer a unique blend of flexibility and protection. If you have multiple, distinct lines of business, properties, or projects, a Series LLC lets you separate them legally without the need for creating multiple LLCs. This can result in easier management and lower costs.

The Legal Landscape: Michigan and Beyond

While Michigan has not yet adopted Series LLC legislation, it’s worth noting that Michigan businesses can form Series LLCs in states that permit them.

Such an entity would then need to be registered as a foreign LLC to operate in Michigan, which could carry its own set of complexities and obligations.

Advantages and Disadvantages


  • Asset Protection: Individual series within the LLC are insulated from the liabilities of the other series.
  • Cost-Effectiveness: It may be more cost-effective than establishing multiple, separate LLCs.
  • Simplified Administration: One set of formation documents and one filing fee for the parent LLC.


  • Complexity: Each series will need its separate bank accounts, record-keeping, and potentially even its own EIN for tax purposes.
  • Uncertain Legal Landscape: Because Michigan doesn’t recognize Series LLCs, there’s some legal uncertainty regarding how Michigan courts would treat them.

Tax Implications

Since Michigan does not recognize Series LLCs, the tax implications are unclear. Typically, Series LLCs are treated as separate entities for tax purposes. Each series would file its own tax returns and financial statements. It’s vital to consult with a tax advisor familiar with Series LLCs and Michigan tax law.

Steps for Michigan Entrepreneurs

  1. Research: Research thoroughly on Series LLCs and consult with legal advisors to understand your specific situation.
  2. Form Series LLC in Another State: If Series LLCs fit your business model, consider forming one in a state that allows for Series LLCs, such as Delaware or Texas.
  3. Register in Michigan: Register the Series LLC as a foreign LLC in Michigan, adhering to the state’s guidelines for foreign entities.
  4. Bank Accounts and EIN: Open separate bank accounts and, if advisable, obtain separate Employer Identification Numbers (EINs) for each series.
  5. Legal Documents: Draft clear operating agreements for each series, specifying the separation of assets and liabilities.
  6. Ongoing Compliance: Maintain meticulous records for each series to ensure legal separation of assets and liabilities.


Although Michigan does not currently recognize Series LLCs, entrepreneurs in the state can still take advantage of this flexible and protective business structure by registering in states that do.

However, because of the complex legal and tax considerations, it’s crucial to consult with legal and financial advisors before taking any steps.

Please note that laws and regulations change, so always consult an attorney or tax advisor for the most current advice.

ALSO SEE: How to Create a Series LLC in Texas

40 FAQs on Series LLCs in Michigan

General Information

  1. What is a Series LLC?
    A Series LLC is a type of Limited Liability Company that allows for the creation of individual “series” or “cells,” each having its own assets, liabilities, and management.
  2. Does Michigan recognize Series LLCs?
    As of September 2021, Michigan does not officially recognize Series LLCs.
  3. Can a Michigan-based entrepreneur set up a Series LLC?
    Yes, they can set up a Series LLC in a state that recognizes them and then register it as a foreign LLC in Michigan.
  4. Are Series LLCs cost-effective?
    Generally, yes. They may save on filing fees and administrative work as compared to multiple LLCs.

Legal Aspects

  1. How do Series LLCs provide asset protection?
    Each series in a Series LLC is insulated from the liabilities of the other series.
  2. What legal complexities are involved?
    Legal complexities may involve keeping separate records, accounts, and sometimes even EINs for each series.
  3. Is a Series LLC treated as a single entity?
    For some purposes yes, but each series can be treated as a separate entity for matters of liability and often taxation.
  4. Can Series LLCs in Michigan be sued?
    Since Michigan does not recognize Series LLCs, legal treatment is uncertain. Consult an attorney for specifics.

Registration and Compliance

  1. How do I register a Series LLC in another state?
    You must adhere to the guidelines and filing procedures of the state where you wish to form the Series LLC.
  2. What’s involved in registering a foreign Series LLC in Michigan?
    Typically, you’ll need to submit a Certificate of Authority application to operate in Michigan.
  3. Do Series LLCs need separate EINs?
    This is subject to IRS rules, but usually, each series may need its separate EIN for tax purposes.
  4. What kind of records must be maintained?
    Separate financial and legal records should be maintained for each series.

Tax Implications

  1. How are Series LLCs taxed in Michigan?
    Taxation is complex because Michigan doesn’t recognize Series LLCs. Consult a tax advisor for specifics.
  2. Can each series file its tax return?
    Generally, each series may file its tax return, but consult a tax advisor for your specific situation.
  3. Do Series LLCs qualify for pass-through taxation?
    Yes, much like traditional LLCs, Series LLCs generally qualify for pass-through taxation.

Operational Questions

  1. Do Series LLCs need separate bank accounts?
    Yes, it’s advisable for each series to have its separate bank accounts.
  2. Can one series enter into contracts?
    Yes, each series can enter into contracts independently of the others.
  3. Can a series be added or removed easily?
    The flexibility to add or remove a series depends on the operating agreement.
  4. What is an operating agreement in the context of a Series LLC?
    It is the document that outlines how each series operates, including the separation of assets and liabilities.
  5. Is it hard to manage multiple series?
    Management complexity can increase with each series added, so ensure you’re prepared for that level of administrative work.

Best Practices

  1. Should I consult a lawyer for setting up a Series LLC?
    Yes, consult a lawyer to ensure you’re meeting all legal requirements.
  2. How should the capital be allocated among series?
    This should be clearly defined in your operating agreement.
  3. Is real estate investment a good fit for Series LLCs?
    Series LLCs are often used in real estate for separating properties into different series, thus limiting liability.
  4. What about other types of businesses?
    They can also benefit, but the suitability of a Series LLC depends on your business needs and the complexity of your operations.
  5. Should I get liability insurance for each series?
    Consult your insurance advisor; however, having separate policies for each series is generally advisable.

Advantages and Disadvantages

  1. What are the main advantages of a Series LLC?
    Cost-effectiveness, asset protection, and simplified administration are among the main advantages.
  2. What are the disadvantages?
    Increased complexity and an uncertain legal landscape in states like Michigan are key disadvantages.
  3. Can I convert my existing LLC to a Series LLC?
    This depends on the state of formation and its laws. Consult an attorney for details.

Future Outlook

  1. Is Michigan likely to recognize Series LLCs in the future?
    This is uncertain and would depend on future legislative action.
  2. What happens if Michigan starts recognizing Series LLCs?
    Existing foreign Series LLCs may have an easier time complying with state laws, but specific implications would vary.
  3. How do federal regulations affect Series LLCs?
    Federal laws can affect tax status and interstate commerce, so consult a legal advisor.


  1. Are Series LLCs more risky?
    The level of risk is comparative to traditional LLCs but can be managed with proper legal advice.
  2. Can a series have its own branding?
    Yes, each series can have its own branding, but it should be clearly distinct to avoid confusion.
  3. Is a Series LLC the same as a Parent-Subsidiary structure?
    No, although there are similarities, they are not the same and have different legal implications.
  4. Can a foreign Series LLC own property in Michigan?
    Yes, but it would need to register as a foreign LLC in Michigan.
  5. What happens if one series goes bankrupt?
    Theoretically, the assets and liabilities of the bankrupt series should not affect the others.
  6. Can I set up a Series LLC by myself?
    While possible, due to the complexities involved, it’s advised to seek professional help.
  7. What happens if a series violates a law?
    Penalties would typically be confined to the series in question, not the entire LLC.
  8. How easy is it to dissolve a Series LLC?
    Dissolving a Series LLC may be more complex than a traditional LLC due to its structure.
  9. Where can I find templates for Series LLC operating agreements?
    Although templates can be found online, it’s advisable to consult a lawyer for a customized agreement.

Remember, laws change, and while these FAQs offer a good starting point, they are not a substitute for legal advice. Always consult an attorney for the most current and personalized guidance.

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